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200 Key Sanskrit Yoga Terms

Discerning dharma from kharma or bhakti from shakti is an important lesson for all yoga students—whether you are a beginner or a long-time yogi.

By Georg Feuerstein

a b c d g h i j k l m n o p r s t u v

Jaina (sometimes Jain): pertaining to the jinas ("conquerors"), the liberated adepts of Jainism; a member of Jainism, the spiritual tradition founded by Vardhamana Mahavira, a contemporary of Gautama the Buddha

Japa ("muttering"): the recitation of mantras

Jiva-atman, jivatman ("individual self"): the individuated consciousness, as opposed to the ultimate Self (parama-atman)

Jivan-mukta ("he who is liberated while alive"): an adept who, while still embodied, has attained liberation (moksha)

Jivan-mukti ("living liberation"): the state of liberation while being embodied; cf. videha-mukti

Jnana ("knowledge/wisdom"): both worldly knowledge or world-transcending wisdom, depending on the context; see also prajna; cf. avidya

Jnana-Yoga ("Yoga of wisdom"): the path to liberation based on wisdom, or the direct intuition of the transcendental Self (atman) through the steady application of discernment between the Real and the unreal and renunciation of what has been identified as unreal (or inconsequential to the achievement of liberation)

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Reader Comments

Sunta

Namaste: The light in me honours that place in you which is the light in you !

Sarai

In response to Padma's comment about alleged "intellectual dishonesty" - I would like to respectfully clarify....

The term "hindu" comes from the Persian invaders mispronoucing the name of the Sindhu River (in India), and thereby they misnamed the people of that location and their religion as "hindu". The true name of the spiritual path to which "hindu" now refers is actually SANATANA DHARMA. Never in the vedas will one find the bastardized term "hindu", though this term has been generally accepted as appropriate by the modern people who practice this path of spirituality, it would not necessarily be less "intellectually dishonest" to refer to Ayurveda or Yoga having their roots in "hinduism". However, SANATANA DHARMA is ancient, and the Sindhu River IS in India, so to say that Yoga and Ayurveda have their roots in ancient india is equally as accurate, in my opinion. Truly, however, it would be with the utmost accuracy to say that their roots are from Sanatana Dharma.

I am not sure whether Padma's contention comes from (perhaps) being an Indian by nationality and not wanting nationality confused with Spiritual Path or Religions affiliation. This, I would understand. There is no national religion of India, and even in ancient times, India was ripe with diverse religious populations. Nonetheless, Sanatana Dharma DOES indeed spring forth out of ancient India, and I do not believe that when people say that Yoga and Ayurveda have their roots in ancient india, that there is any "intellectual dishonesty" being perpetrated.

Thabo

I just wanted to know what namaste meant, and I did not get the answer.

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