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Tools for Teaching Postnatal Yoga

Now that her baby is here, a new mother faces a host of physical and emotional challenges. Help her use yoga to pace herself in healing and finding rejuvenation.

By Brenda K. Plakans

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Once a woman becomes a mother, everything changes—her body, her obligations, her priorities. Not only does she need to heal physically, but she's responsible for another human being. It's easy for her to put her needs aside in the interest of the baby's.

"I was surprised at how long it took me to really recover my ability to give myself the time to do a full practice and get out of the house to do it," says Deanna Harris, mother of three-year-old Kai.

If a student is returning to your class after giving birth, you can make sure she's getting the physical work she needs to regain strength and the mental release she needs from her demanding new role as a mother.

Physiology of the Postnatal Period

"Postpartum [six to eight weeks after birth] is a whole different animal," says Debra Flashenberg of the Prenatal Yoga Center in New York City. "Now that she's had the baby, the attention shifts to the baby and away from the mom. I want to get back to mothering the mother—and reminding her to be patient."

The first month after giving birth is a time to recuperate and adjust. The pelvic floor has been stretched significantly during birth and may even have been cut or torn to facilitate delivery. The cervix has to close back down from dilating to 10 centimeters (4 inches) and then stretching to let the baby pass through. The uterus shrinks a lot in the first few days, but it will take at least a month to return to its postpartum size, and the internal organs have to settle back into position after being crowded for so long. If the mother had a Caesarean section, the pelvic floor will be intact, but she has had a major abdominal surgery that will take several months to heal.

Perhaps one of the most surprising (and possibly disappointing) aspects of the postnatal period for a new mother is that she still looks about four to five months pregnant. The baby and the afterbirth add up to only about 15 to 20 pounds of weight lost immediately. In the first week or two after giving birth, she still has a lot of extra fluids in her system that are slowly being flushed out or reabsorbed. Her abdominals and the skin over the belly are loose after being stretched out for nine months.

These first few weeks can also be hugely emotional as she learns to take care of her new baby and adjust to her role as a mother. This intense responsibility, combined with hormones that are still present in the system (and will remain for months if she is breast-feeding), can lead to mood swings and even depression.

A perfect remedy for all of this soreness and mental stress is a yoga class, but remember, your job as a teacher is to make sure your student is not rushing back into a practice her body is not ready for.

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Reader Comments

Morgan Gregory

As for the above blog for postnatal, I too use sphinz instead of cobra in my teaching. The use of an epidural can have lasting effects on our bodies. This is not explained to women who receive this medical intervention suring labour. Back pain can last for the rest of their life. Yoga will help, but it is a long process.

Interference with breastfeeding, I would not think so, but the maman knows best what feels right for her and what does not. Breasts are more sensitive after birth and especially when breatfeeding. I found these poses to help with breastfeeding because they massaged my breasts and it helped with my production. But each body is different and it was wise for her to withdraw if that is how her body was reacting to yoga. When she is more comfortable with being a Mom (past 6 months) she could think about coming back.
Morgan

Morgan Gregory

Hi,

I have a lot of obesse clients in my beginner class of yoga but they have a lot of difficulty doing many of the moves because of thier size. Are there any books or references that I can use to help my students? Props would be a great help, but I teach at a community centre in a defaourized area of Quebec, Canada and such ressources are not availible. The clientel is very willing and open to yoga, so I really would like to help them.

As well, in regards to your site and class planning tool, it would be helpful to have a prenatal selection as well. Most poses are self explanatory and well known, but some that can be added and modified for pregnant women or even avoided because of pregnancy related problems (high blood pressure, diabetes etc) would be helpful.

Best regards,

Morgan Gregory

michelle

are postnatal yoga classes typically only the mother (meaning no baby)? and do they tend to last 75 minutes as prenatal classes do? thanks!

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