Meditation Glossary

Keep your meditation terminology straight with this mini guide.
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Keep your meditation terminology straight with this mini guide.
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Asana

In meditation, the pose in which you do formal meditation. It should be comfortable and stable, but also support alertness. Examples: Full or Half Lotus, kneeling (Zen), or sitting in a straight-backed chair.

Japa

In Hinduism, repetition of a mantra or divine name.

Mandala

Sacred diagram used as an object of meditation, particularly in esoteric and Tibetan Buddhism.

Mantra

Sacred words or sounds used as an object of meditation. In Hinduism and esoteric Buddhism, they are said to have transformative powers that aid the meditator.

Nirvana

Buddhist term for self-realization.

Samadhi

In Hinduism, a state of meditative union with the Absolute. In Buddhism, a high state of awareness and concentration that is short of self-realization.