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Sweet Surrender

Find stillness and greater depth by holding poses longer in a Yin Yoga sequence.

By Andrea Ferretti, sequence by Sarah Powers

If you're accustomed to sweating your way toward glamorous poses, Yin Yoga may at first glance seem too slow, too simple, and, well, too boring. But this complex practice of long, passively held floor poses is deeply nourishing and has myriad benefits for any yoga practitioner, says San Francisco Bay Area yoga and meditation teacher Sarah Powers.

On a physical level, Yin enhances the natural range of motion in the joints. By keeping your muscles soft, you release deep layers of connective tissue, creating more ease in any style of yoga and in seated meditation. On an energetic level, Yin enhances the flow of prana (life force) in the tissues around the joints, where energy often stagnates. Powers likens the practice to doing an acupuncture session on yourself: Sequences are often geared toward strengthening certain energy channels (called nadis in yoga or meridians in Chinese medicine), which ultimately support the organs, immune system, and emotional well-being.

And then there are the mental benefits: Holding poses for three to five minutes often brings up discomfort. Yin conditions you to stay with the intense sensations that arise, rather than quickly moving into the next pose. "It trains you to become more comfortable with discomfort instead of becoming alarmed," Powers says. "It marries meditation and asana into a very deep practice."

All that and you don't have to trade in your dynamic practice to reap the benefits. Powers, who teaches Yin together with Yang (her version of flow yoga), encourages students to do Yin poses before or after a regular routine, or as a stand-alone sequence. She recommends a Yin session at least two to four times a week. "You're conditioning the tissues to become more elastic, so practicing has a cumulative effect," she says. "The more you do it, the more you'll want to do it."

Practice Tips

There are three crucial things to do as you practice Yin. First, come into a pose to your appropriate edge in a respectful way. Second, become still, just as you would during meditation. Third, stay for a while, as you would for an acupuncture session. In the beginning aim for three to five minutes, but if one minute is enough, start there and grow into two minutes.

Sequence Focus

The sequence that follows balances what traditional Chinese medicine calls the kidney meridian—essential for mind-body health. "When kidney chi is revitalized, you'll feel vibrant," Powers says. The sequence includes passive backbends, because the kidney channel flows through the lower back. Seated forward bends act as counterposes and stimulate the urinary bladder meridian, which intersects all of the other meridians in the body.

1. Butterfly Pose

Sit on a blanket or cushion. With your weight on the front edge of your sitting bones, bend your knees, press the soles of your feet together, and let your legs drop out like butterfly wings. Take your heels at least a foot away from your hips. With your hands on your ankles, bend forward from the hips to your appropriate edge, then relax your upper spine and let it round. Rest your head in the arches of the feet, on top of the stacked fists, or cupped in the hands while the elbows rest on the feet. If you can, stay for 3 to 5 minutes in all of the poses in this sequence. Inhale as you come up, then stretch your legs forward and lean back on your hands. Pause for a few moments in a neutral position after each pose.


2. Saddle Pose
Sit on your shins and lean back on your hands. (If this is already too much for your knees, skip this pose.) Lower yourself slowly onto your back, keeping your lower back in an exaggerated arch. If your quadriceps feel strained, rest your shoulders and head on top of a bolster or a folded blanket. Otherwise, come down onto your elbows or upper back, allowing your knees to spread apart if you need to. If there is too much pressure on your ankles, place a folded towel or blanket underneath them. To come up, place your hands where your elbows were. Engage your abdominal muscles and inhale as you lift yourself up.


3. Sphinx Pose

Lie on your belly with your legs outstretched. Place your elbows on the floor shoulder distance apart and about an inch or so ahead of the shoulder line. Place your hands straight forward or hold on to your elbows. Rest here without slumping into your shoulders or lifting them up. Let your belly and organs drape toward the floor as you relax your buttocks and legs. If your back feels sensitive, engage your outer buttocks and inner legs all or part of the time to lessen the strong sensations.


4. Seal Pose

This pose is similar to Sphinx but creates more of an arch in the lower back. Begin on your belly, propped up on your hands with your arms straight. Place your hands about 4 inches in front of the shoulders. Turn the hands out slightly, like seal flippers. Distribute your weight evenly across your hands to avoid stressing your wrists. If it's tolerable, relax the muscles in the buttocks and legs. If not, contract them from time to time to relieve the intense sensations. Your ability to remain muscularly soft may take a few months of practice. Be patient, but do not endure sharp or electrical sensations. Stay for 3 to 5 minutes. On an exhalation, lower yourself down slowly. Remain still and breathe into the whole spine as you rest.


5. Child's Pose

When it feels appropriate to move again, place your hands under your chest, and on an inhalation, lift your upper body away from the floor. As you exhale, bend your knees and draw your hips back toward your feet in Child's Pose.





6. Half Dragonfly Pose

Sit on a blanket or cushion with your right leg outstretched and the sole of your left foot pressing into your inner right thigh. Move your left knee back a few inches. If the knee does not rest on the floor, place a cushion under it. As you exhale, bend your spine over your right leg, placing your hands on either side of it. Do both sides before moving on.




7. Dragonfly Pose

Bring your legs into a straddle, exhale, and bend forward from the hips. Place your hands on the floor in front of you, or rest on your elbows or on a support like a bolster or folded blanket. If it feels natural, come all the way down onto your belly. If your knees are unstable, back off the pose and engage the quadriceps from time to time. Attempt to hold this pose for 5 minutes or more.





8. Full Forward Bend

Gently bring your legs back together. Bend forward at the hips, curving your spine into a forward bend. If you have sciatica or if your hips tilt backward, eliminate this pose and lie on the floor with your legs up the wall.





9. Savasana (Corpse Pose)

Come into Corpse Pose with your palms facing up or with your hands resting on your abdomen. Place the legs wider than the hips and relax your buttocks, legs, and feet. Invite ease in your mind and body, making this the most nourishing posture of all.




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Reader Comments

Liz

I love my Yin Yoga practice! my Hatha practice gets the heart pumping and is my gift to my health. My Yin practice is my gift to me....the most relaxing part of my week!

Karen

Pamela - The pain in your ankles and legs could be a number of things. Have you tried adjusting the position of your feet and knees to try to alleviate some of the pain? Knees can be out or in, and same with the feet. The knees do not have to point straight out in front of you, as this is very difficult for certain body types. It could also be that you have very tight muscles in your feet, and putting moderate amounts of stress on your feet might be what is needed to stretch those muscles. But you could also try putting a blanket under your feet and under your knees to give those joints a little more space if the pain is due to compression. The best way to figure out what is best for your body is to experiment with the numerous variations of the pose and find what is least painful and most beneficial to your body. Every person will have a different saddle pose if they are being true to their body.
Lizzie – if your lower back is too compressed, either try coming out of the pose a little so the back isn't so arched or you could try gently engaging the gluteal muscles. I've worked with Paul Grilley and this is a variation he gave us for seal and sphinx and I find that it works for me when the lumbar feels too compressed.
Aubree – if you're not used to a yin practice and holding poses for longer periods of time, you will most likely experience at least moderate discomfort. Some discomfort isn't bad, but if you can't hold the pose in a relaxed way you should be finding a different variation or using a prop like a bolster to keep you from going too deep. It sounds like your lumbar spine wasn't used to it and was letting you know. Be gentle and don't go so deep next time. Allow your practice to deepen over time as your body is ready.
Virginia – You can overstretch in any kind of yoga, including yin yoga. That doesn't necessarily mean that it's bad for you. I have to disagree with those teachers you spoke to in general. If you activated the muscles and tried to do these poses you'd invariably get hurt. Our connective tissue was meant to stretch like this, but the majority of Westerners haven't stretched like this since childhood, if ever, so it must be done in a conscientious way. The majority of Americans have some sort of lower back pain because they don't put a healthy amount of stress on their lower back to decompress the lumbar spine and sacrum from the act of sitting, which puts 4X more stress on the back than standing. As Paul says, lower back pain is a western phenomenon. Cultures that squat instead of sit in chairs for hours a day are already doing a yin type of action. They are putting stress on their hip and knee joints and lumbar spine in a relaxed way for long periods of time. And these people don't have the epidemic of lower back pain that we have in modernized cultures.
If anyone is interested, look on Youtube for some of Paul Grilley's anatomy lectures. Or better yet, get his Anatomy of Yin Yoga. It's so valuable for any type of yoga, not just yin. His knowledge of the human body and how movement affects it is amazing and his anatomy teacher training has changed how I teach yoga in many ways.

lauren

i have never did yoga but when i tried to get up i was stuck

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