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The Power of Atha

Now, the teachings of yoga.

By Richard Rosen


Atha yoga anushasanam
Now, the teachings of yoga.
—Yoga Sutra 1.1

So reads the first stanza (sutra) of Patanjali's 2,000-year-old yoga guidebook, the Yoga Sutra. It's quite possibly one of the most famous opening lines in all of Hindu spiritual literature, but most eager students, intent on getting to the juicier parts of the teachings, sail past the first word, "now" (in Sanskrit atha, pronounced ah-tah) without a second thought.

But wait! One distinct characteristic of the sutra is brevity, so the word atha is there for good reason. It's there to grab your attention: I'm ready to teach, Patanjali is saying, so listen up. But atha also signals the value of what you're about to dive into. These days you can flip through the Yoga Sutra whenever you please, and then return it to the shelf, but long ago it took a long period of preparation just to gain access to it. The study of classical yoga was serious business that required commitment.

At some point the teacher determined that—atha, "now"—the novice was qualified enough for instruction. It must have been an exhilarating moment when students left behind their everyday identities to assume a new role as spiritual aspirants.

For modern yogis, atha whispers a subtle reminder that all yoga teaching emerges from and leads us back to the timeless, ever-present now. Before you begin your next practice, say it silently and see if it draws you into the present. If you're really lucky, you might feel, in the words of Patanjali, that the "layers and imperfections concealing truth" are "washed away," and your authentic self is revealed.

Be Here Now

You're often asked to chant Sanskrit in class, but there's nothing wrong with chanting in English if the words evoke meaning for you. Sit with your spine straight, close your eyes, and slow your breathing. With each exhalation, say the word "now" to yourself, drawing out the "w." Feel how the present moment becomes suspended even as time passes and transforms into another moment of now.

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Reader Comments

Barbara Voinar

Now... As I begin each class I teach, I arrive with my plan of a practice I took the time to formulate. And then I look clearly to who is now in the room and ask what of this practice will really serve to help them be well and leave this room feeling more whole. I get to begin again.


For a enlivening transaltion and commentary on the Yoga Sutras I would recommend "Enlightenment" by MSI. I don't know if it's still in print but can probably be picked up on amazon. It's worth getting it as it is clear, practical and direct.

Robert C. Leslie

It is good to see "now" recognized as a subject of this aphorism. Too often it is brushed off as simply announcing the beginning of a treatise. It could be added that the aphorism stands as a challenge, i.e., "now" is the time to embrace self-discipline and assume responsibility for the quality of your experience. That challenge is ever-present, always now - so what's keeping you?

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