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Yoga Trends

Sounds Divine: Kirtan and Pop Crossover

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What happens when American popular music and yoga’s heart-opening chants collide?

Musical trend-setters have long woven kirtan into their groove. Join us on a journey through the colorful intersections of sacred chant and pop music.

What happens when American popular music and yoga’s heart-opening chants collide? We invite you to find out as we highlight some of the hottest moments in the kirtan-and-pop crossover of the past five decades. These moments illustrate how chanting has evolved from a Hindu devotional practice in the temples and villages of India to an inseparable part of American yoga culture—drenched in rock, pop, hip-hop, and blues and sung at studios, festivals, and concert halls. Our greatest hits include superstars like the Grateful Dead, Sting, and Madonna, along with kirtan artists such as Donna De Lory, Jai Uttal, and Krishna Das. Enjoy the ride!

See also Chanting 101: 6 Things To Know If You Don’t “Get” Kirtan

In Technicolor

1967: In San Francisco’s Haight-Ashbury, the Grateful Dead and Janis Joplin headline the Mantra-Rock Dance, a benefit for the first Krishna Consciousness temple on the West Coast, along with A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, founder of the Hare Krishna movement.

Bright Lights

1968: The rock musical Hair opens on Broadway, and in “Be-In,” the final number of Act 1, the cast sings the Hare Krishna mantra.

Woodstock Nation

1969: Swami Satchidananda, founder of Integral Yoga, leads a crowd of 500,000 in a Hari Om chant at Woodstock and calls music a celestial sound that controls the universe.

Come Together

1969: After studying meditation with the Maharishi Mahesh Yogi in Rishikesh, India, George Harrison records the single “Hare Krishna Mantra” with devotees from the Radha Krishna Temple in London. The song is a hit around the world and is performed on the TV show Top of the Pops.

See also Hip, Happening, and Holy

Cosmic Cool

1971: After studying with Swami Satchidananda and traveling to India, jazz musician Alice Coltrane records Universal Consciousness, a call-and-response-inspired album with devotional tracks like “Sita Ram” and “Hare Krishna.”

Work of Wonder

1976: The West Angeles Church of God’s Gospel Choir and a group of Hare Krishnas sing together in “Pastime Paradise” on Stevie Wonder’s album Songs in the Key of Life. The Maha mantra is barely audible before a rousing chorus of “We Shall Overcome.”

Epic Homage

1980: Philip Glass’s opera Satyagraha premieres in Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Sung in Sanskrit and based on text from the Bhagavad Gita, the work celebrates Ghandi’s life and his peaceful-resistance movement.

Karma Chameleon

1991: Pop superstar Boy George releases the single “Bow Down Mister,” a Krishna-inspired mash-up of Indian mantras and American house music that reaches the top 30 in the UK.

See also My 5 Favorite Kirtan Chants

Pop Goddess

1998: Madonna discovers Ashtanga Yoga and records the song “Shanti/Ashtangi” for her Ray of Light album, which wins a Grammy. The lyrics include the mantra Om shanti and other Sanskrit from the 8th-century work Yoga Taravali.

Divine Grooves

2001: Seal, the British R&B star, lends his smooth vocals to kirtan singer Guru Singh’s Game of Chants album, including on the soulful track “I Am.”

Honors Society

2001: Mondo Rama, a collaboration between kirtan master Jai Uttal and composer-producer Ben Leinbach, is the first mantra music album to be nominated for a Grammy.

Kids Rock

2006: The Chicago Children’s Choir performs Sita Ram, a rock opera with lyrics by Jai Uttal that is based on stories from the Ramayana, a Hindu spiritual epic that’s part adventure, part love story.

See also New Website Teaches Kirtan

Electric Company

2009: Kirtan duo Lokah releases the groundbreaking “kirtranica” (kirtan and electronica) album The Ivy Ceiling. Hip-hop mogul Russell Simmons raps about yoga, art, and activism on the intro track, and Sting sings on “Ma Durga.”

Girl Power

2010: Madonna’s backup singer and dancer Donna De Lory leads crowds in chanting at Lilith, the revival of Sarah McLachlan’s women-centric music festival.

The Producer

2010: Terry McBride, CEO of Nettwerk Music Group (which propelled Avril Lavigne and Coldplay into the stratosphere), arranges a Chant Super Tour with Krishna Das and Deva Premal & Miten, who play to sold-out crowds in concert theaters across the US.

All That Jazz

2010: Sean Johnson and the Wild Lotus Band become the first kirtan group to perform at the New Orleans Jazz & Heritage Festival, where artists from Elvis Costello to Pearl Jam delight tens of thousands of fans.

See also Sing the Soul Electric