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Handstand

Adho Mukha Vrksasana boosts energy and confidence, and can literally give you a new perspective on life.

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Adho Mukha Vrksasana (Handstand or Downward-Facing Tree Pose) is an inversion that gives you a sense of how to move through life’s challenges, broadens your horizons, and presents exciting new possibilities. What more could you ask from a pose?

“Handstand, like all balancing poses, requires that you feel comfortable with instability,” says Linda Sparrowe, former managing editor of Yoga Journal, and author of several yoga books. “When faced with instability of any kind—physical or mental—most of us tend to recoil immediately and try to regain control by locking things tightly in place. Ironically, this reaction only serves to make us more rigid and less able to make minute and sensitive adjustments to bring ourselves back into balance.”

Handstand demands that you treat yourself lightly, both literally and figuratively.

Handstand basics

Sanskrit: Adho Mukha Vrksasana (ah-doh moo-kah vriks-SHAHS-anna)

Other names: Downward-Facing Tree Pose, Upward-Facing Tree Pose

Pose Type: Inversion

Targets: Full body

Why We Love It: “I taught myself to do Handstand when I turned 40. I try to practice it at least a few times a week,” says Tracy Middleton, Yoga Journal‘s brand director. “My theory: If I make it a regular part of my practice, I’ll still have the strength to do the pose when I’m in my 70s or 80s, even if I use props or the wall at that point. This isn’t about ego; maintaining muscle mass is critical as we age and this feels like a fun way to do it. Check back with me in 30 years to see if it worked.”

Join Outside+ today to get access to exclusive pose information, including our complete guide to Handstand, featuring video instruction, anatomy know-how, and additional pose variations. 

Pose benefits

Handstand builds strength in the shoulders, back, and abdomen, while uplifting your mood and increasing confidence.

Handstand: Step-by-step instructions

A person demonstrates Handstand (Adho Mukha Vrksasana) in yoga
(Photo: Christopher Dougherty)
  1. Begin in Downward-Facing Dog.
  2. Bring your wrist creases parallel to the front edge of the mat. Turn your upper arms forward toward the wall in front.  Press down evenly through your hands.
  3. On an inhalation, lift your heels. On an exhalation, step your right foot 1/3 to 1/2 of the way to your hands and shift your shoulders forward and directly over your wrists. Bend your right knee slightly and keep your left leg straight.
  4. At the end of your next exhalation, push off your forward foot to lift your left leg into Standing Splits, keeping your shoulders over your wrists. Lift your left inner thigh. Press down into your hands and straighten your arms.
  5. Fix your gaze on a point between and slightly ahead of your index fingers.
  6. Bend your right knee deeply and take a small hop off your right foot. As you transition weight to your hands, lift up through your left inner thigh. Repeat until you bring your right leg alongside your left leg. Do not focus on swinging your right leg overhead. Instead, focus on bringing your hips over your shoulders.
  7. When you are able to bring your right leg alongside your left, bring your legs together. Draw your low belly in and reach your tailbone toward your heels. Reach your heels away from your shoulders.
  8. Remain here for 5–8 breaths. To exit the pose, slowly release one leg at a time to the floor and pause in Standing Forward Bend.

Beginner’s tip

  • To increase the length and strength of your arms, turn your palms and inner elbow creases to face the ceiling while you draw your shoulder blades down your back. Then rotate your palms from your wrists to face the floor again.

Teaching Adho Mukha Vrksasana

These cues will help protect your students from injury and help them have the best experience of the pose:

  • Don’t let yourself sag at the lower back. Draw your belly in and up as you resist the floor and seek balance. Push down into your hands and actively reach up through your feet and legs.
  • Draw your legs together. As you hug your legs into the midline, move your tailbone and the tops of your buttocks toward your heels.
  • Draw your low ribs toward your hips to prevent any backbending. Grow even taller by reaching your legs strongly up and away from your rooted and stable palms.

Variation: Handstand against a wall

Photo: Eleanor Williamson

Start in Downward-Facing Dog Pose with your toes on the ground and heels against the wall. Slowly walk your feet up the wall until they are parallel to the mat. Stay for several breaths, then lower back down. Come into Child’s Pose or a restful pose for a few breaths.

Preparatory poses

Marjaryasana (Cat Pose)

Tadasana (Mountain Pose)

Adho Mukha Svanasana (Downward-Facing Dog Pose)

Forearm Plank

Vasisthasana (Side Plank)

Navasana (Boat Pose)

Garudasana (Eagle Pose)

Urdhva Prasarita Eka Padasana (Standing Splits)

Counter poses

Balasana (Child’s Pose)

Join Outside+ today to get access to exclusive pose information, including our complete guide to Handstand, featuring video instruction, anatomy know-how, and additional pose variations. You’ll also get access to members-only content, sequences, and classes, a subscription to Yoga Journal magazine, meal plans and recipes, and more.