Sanskrit

Sanskrit Top 40: Must-Learn Lingo for Yogis

In honor of YJ's 40th anniversary, we chose 40 common and important Sanskrit words to know. Share your favorites on social media with #YJ40.

Ahimsa

Sanskrit: Ahimsa, non-harming

(nonharming)

LEARN MORE Does Ahimsa Mean I Can’t Eat Meat? 

Ananda

(bliss)

TRY Leah Cullis’s 14 Joyful Poses

Asana

(seat)

EXPLORE Asana

Ashtanga-Yoga

Sanskrit word Ashtanga

(eight-limbed union)

EXPLORE The Eight Limbs of Yoga

Avidya

Sanskrit word Avidya

(ignorance)

LEARN MORE Awaken to Your Potential for Change: The 5 Kleshas

Ayurveda

Meaning of Sanskrit word ayurveda

(life science)

EXPLORE Ayurveda

Bhakti

(love + devotion)

LEARN MORE The Path of Devotion: Bhakti Yoga

Citta

(mind)

LEARN MORE A Beginner’s Guide to Meditation

Dhyana

(meditation)

EXPLORE Meditation

Drishti

(view/sight)

LEARN MORE See More Clearly By Practicing Drishti

Read Meditations from the Mat: Daily Reflections on the Path of Yoga 

Guru

(a spiritual teacher)

Also see My Guru, My Self

Ida-nadi

Sanskrit Ida-nadi

(pale conduit)

LEARN MORE Discover the Ida and Pingala Nadis

Japa

(muttering)

READ MORE Intro to Chanting, Japa, and Mantra

Jnana

(knowledge)

LEARN MORE Intro to Jnana Yoga: Playing the Mind-Body Edge

Kosha

(casing)

LEARN MORE Getting to Know You: The 5 Koshas

Try Ashtanga Flash Cards

Kundalini-Shakti

(coiled power)

LEARN MORE Integrate Your Masculine and Feminine Qualities

Mantra

(mind instrument)

READ MORE Intro to Chanting, Japa, and Mantra

Mandala

(circle)

TRY Circular Mandala Yoga Flow Video

Mudra

(seal)

EXPLORE Yoga Mudras

Nadi

SANSKRIT WORD NADI

(conduit)

LEARN MORE Discover the Ida and Pingala Nadis

Namaste

(I bow to you.)

LEARN MORE The Meaning of “Namaste”

Try Yoga Namaste Metal Wall Art

Nirodha

Sanskrit_Nirodha

(restriction)

EXPLORE Yoga Sutra

Niyama

(observance)

LEARN MORE Path to Happiness: 9 Interpretations of the Yamas + Niyamas

Ojas

(vitality)

LEARN MORE Foster Your Inner Glow with Ayurveda

Om

(universal sound)

LEARN MORE Mastering the Om: A guide for Beginners

Pingala-Nadi

(reddish conduit)

LEARN MORE Discover the Ida and Pingala Nadis

Prajna

(wisdom)

EXPLORE Spirituality

Prakriti

(nature)

EXPLORE Ayurveda

Prana

Meaning of Sanskrit word Prana

(life force)

LEARN MORE Positively Prana: Yoga Your Way to a Happier Mood

Pranayama

(life force or breath extension)

EXPLORE Pranayama

Pratyahara

(withdrawal)

EXPLORE Meditation

Try HolyShirts Eight Limbs of Yoga Poster

Samadhi

(union)

EXPLORE The Eight Limbs of Yoga

Samskara

(activator)

LEARN MORE Break Bad Habits Patanjali’s Way

Satya

(truthfulness)

EXPLORE Yoga Philosophy

Shakti

(power)

LEARN MORE Goddess Yoga Project with Sianna Sherman

Sutra

sanskrit sutra

(thread)

EXPLORE Yoga Sutra

Svadhyaya

Sanskrit Svadhyaya (Self-Study)

(self-study)

EXPLORE The Eight Limbs of Yoga

Tantra

(loom)

EXPLORE Tantra Yoga

Tapas

(glow/heat)

LEARN MORE Seeds of Change: Understand Karma

Yama

(restraint)

WANT MORE? 200 Key Sanskrit Yoga Terms

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Want to dive deeper into yoga philosophy and asana with the study of Sanskrit? Join Richard Rosen—author and co-founder of the former Oakland- and San Francisco Bay-based Piedmont Yoga Studio—for Sanskrit 101: A Beginner’s Guide. Through this 6-week introductory online course, you will learn Sanskrit translations, refine your pronunciations, explore its historic highlights, and more. But, even more significantly, you will transform your practice as you begin to understand the beauty and meaning behind the original language of yoga. Sign up today!

Eager to learn more? Sign up now for Sanskrit 101: A Beginner’s Guide.

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